Public Review of the Flamingo Historic District proposed employee housing renovations under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act

Everglades National Park » Public Review of the Flamingo Historic District proposed employee housing renovations under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act » Document List

The National Park Service (NPS) is proposing the Repair and Rehabilitation of housing units #416, #439 and #440 in the Flamingo Mission 66 Developed Area of Everglades National Park (Park). The Flamingo Developed Area is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places as contributing to the Flamingo Mission 66 Developed Area historic district under Criteria A and C.

Climate change resiliency measures and updates required to meet Industry Committee of Energy Efficiency (ICEE) energy codes and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Life Safety Codes will be incorporated into the Repair and Rehabilitation of the housing units. These measures include the installation of standing seam metal roofs in place of the traditional gravel roofs, insulation, and fire suppression systems at the interior ceilings. Additionally, the complete upgrade to the mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems requires the demolition of a substantial amount of the original interior plaster walls of the housing units.

As designed, the loss of the original historic fabric will adversely affect the historic properties' integrity of design, materials, and workmanship. Everglades National Park anticipates the finding for the proposed undertaking under the National Historic Preservation Act, Section 106, 36 CFR Part 800.5(3)(b), is an "Adverse Effect."

The character defining features of Flamingo Housing Unit #416 include the overbuilt configuration, the raised living spaces above the open ground level, skylights, the open-riser concrete staircases, flat roof, concrete block walls and columns, and the exposed double T-beams on the interior and on the underside of the building. While the deteriorated historic features will be repaired rather than replaced, some replacement will be required. In these instances, the new material will visually match the old as replacement in kind where possible.

Work planned for Unit #416 includes weatherproofing the building envelope with exterior repairs and changing the roof slope to drain towards the eaves rather than the two current drain areas, one at each dividing wall, at the center of the building to prevent water infiltration. The slope of the roof is slight and will remain visually "flat" from the exterior of the building. Rectangular gutters and downspouts, not original to the building, will be added to direct water away from the building. The metal stairs currently in place on the south elevation were installed by the NPS in the 1990's. These stairs are corroded and are not code compliant and will be replaced. The original open porches also on the south elevation are now enclosed as interior rooms with a non-original screen porch in the center. The roof of the center porch currently sits higher than the roof of the rest of the building. With the rehabilitation of the unit, the height of the porch roof will be rebuilt flush with the rest of the original roof line to minimize the impact of the non-original screen porch. The exterior storm shutters, not an original feature of the building, will be removed. The exterior electrical panel will be moved from the ground level to the second level. A new service platform and staircase will be required to provide access to the new electrical equipment and meters. This new element on the exterior of the building will be a visual impact to the setting.

Also specific to Unit #416 is the presence of concrete louvers on the north and south elevations of the ground floor. These concrete louvers were part of an original enclosed storage space. This distinctive architectural feature of the building was enclosed at some point in the ground level storage room. The louvers are a character defining feature of the building that will be retained in place.

At Units #439 and #440, the character defining features are like unit #416 in the overall building configuration, the raised living spaces above the open ground level, and the concrete block walls. Additionally, #439 and #440 have shallow slope gable roofs, with tongue and groove wood deck exposed to the interior, and open carports on the ground level.

Work proposed at Units #439 and #440 includes replacement in kind of the non-original wood framed screen porches on the north elevation, removal of the non-original storm shutters, and the installation of standing seam roofs. Both units originally had solid wood core exterior doors with a jalousie windows set within which are no longer in place. Currently, hurricane rated jalousie window are not manufactured commercially. For the safety of the residents, impact rated fiber glass exterior doors will be installed.

Work includes interior and exterior painting, replacing lighting fixtures with energy efficient LED lighting, replacing exterior doors, and replacing all cabinets, counter tops, sinks, toilets, and plumbing fixtures. The interior of the Flamingo Housing units have been remodeled and do not retain the original fabric, but the original footprint is intact and will be retained.

As part of the Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act consultation process, we are inviting public input on the NPS avoidance and minimization suggestions for addressing adverse effects to historic properties. A report summarizing these efforts may be accessed under 'Document List'.

Contact Information

Jaci Wells, Chief of Cultural Resources