Development Concept Plan
Established in 1917, the Park was the first Revolutionary War site designated by the federal government. The Park received National Historic Landmark status in 2000. Guilford Courthouse National Military Park protects 250 acres of the approximately 1,000 acres of the actual battlefield. Within the park boundary are locations of the American First, Second, and Third lines, the probable site of Guilford Courthouse, and portions of the New Garden Road, the region's main transportation corridor at the time of the battle.
Due to recent changes at the Park and the acquisition of new parts of the battlefield, the NPS has initiated planning efforts to help guide how the Park will develop, rehabilitate, and address visitor, community, and Park needs and issues. Recently, the Park has acquired the Hoskins Farm site. This site is historically and culturally significant to the story of the battle as it marks the location where Cornwallis deployed his troops into battle lines, thus commencing the attack on American forces. This new section of the Park includes historic structures and aims to help visitors better understand the battle story interpretation, as well as the historic context of life in the Carolinas at the time of the battle. The Park intends to seamlessly incorporate this land into the overall Park experience, which currently includes a 2.25-mile self-guided automobile tour, monuments, interpretation elements, and nearly 4 miles of foot trails.
This planning process includes preparing a DCP and an Environmental Assessment that will analyze all potential impacts in the plan, consistent with requirements outlined in the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
Aaron LaRocca, Superintendent
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park is a unit of the national park system that serves as an important historic and community asset in Greensboro, North Carolina. The Park is comprised of a collection of sites with a rich history from the largest, most hotly contested battle of the Revolutionary War's climactic Southern Campaign. At the small North Carolina backcountry hamlet of Guilford Courthouse on Thursday, March 15, 1781, Major General Nathanael Greene and his army of almost 4,500 American militia and Continentals were tactically defeated by a smaller British army of about 1,900 veteran regulars and German allies commanded by General Lord Charles Cornwallis. Cornwallis paid for his dubious victory with nearly 27% of his army who were killed or wounded.