Bandelier Air Tour Management Plan

Bandelier National Monument » Bandelier Air Tour Management Plan » Document List

The National Park Service (NPS) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) have prepared a draft Air Tour Management Plan (ATMP) for Bandelier National Monument to delineate acceptable levels of commercial air tours, including, but not limited to, frequency, duration, altitude, and routes, consistent with the National Parks Air Tour Management Act of 2000. The plan is on public review until October 3, 2021 (now extended until October 13th). The proposed action, background and purpose are described below.

Proposed Action:

Commercial air tours are currently conducted at Bandelier as described under the "Existing Conditions" section below. The proposed action is to implement an Air Tour Management Plan (ATMP) for Bandelier National Monument that would delineate acceptable levels of commercial air tours including, but not limited to, frequency, duration, altitude, and routes, consistent with the National Parks Air Tour Management Act of 2000 (Act). Congress developed the Act out of concern that noise from tour aircraft could harm national park resources and experiences for visitors.

Background and Purpose:

The Act, as amended, requires that all commercial air tour operators conducting or intending to conduct a commercial air tour operation over a unit of the National Park system apply to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for authority to undertake such activity. The Act further requires the FAA, in cooperation with the National Park Service (NPS), to establish an ATMP or voluntary agreement for each park that did not have such a plan or agreement in place at the time the applications were made, unless a park has been otherwise exempted from this requirement.

The Act applies to areas within and 1/2 mile outside of a park, and to elevations below 5,000 feet above ground level (AGL). The Act requires that an ATMP include incentives for the adoption of quiet aircraft technology and provide for the allocation of opportunities to conduct air tours when the ATMP limits the number of operations. An ATMP may prohibit commercial air tour operations (in whole or in part), and can establish conditions for the conduct of air tour operations (including routes, altitudes, time-of-day restrictions, restrictions for particular events, maximum numbers of flights, or other provisions).

In establishing an ATMP, the Act requires the agencies to publish the proposed plan for notice and comment and hold at least one public meeting. The public meeting for this ATMP will be held on Wednesday, September 15th from 4:30-6:00 PM MT, and comments on this ATMP will be accepted until October 3rd (now extended until October 13th). Air tours at the Park have been ongoing since before the Act was enacted. The Act directed the FAA to grant interim operating authority (IOA) to operators that were already conducting tours at the Park when the Act became effective until an ATMP is developed. An operator's IOA is based on the number of the operator reported it was conducting annually at the time the Act was passed. IOA does not set routes or operating conditions for an operator except to limit the number of air tours the operator is permitted to fly each year. Implementation of an ATMP will replace IOA.

Existing Conditions for Commercial Air Tours at Bandelier National Monument

One commercial air tour operator, Bruce M. Adams (Southwest Safaris), currently conducts commercial air tours at Bandelier National Monument. The operator holds Interim Operating Authority (IOA) for up to 126 flights at the monument each year. Based on the three-year average of reporting data from 2017 to 2019, Southwest Safaris conducts an average of 101 commercial air tours at the monument each year. Southwest Safaris conducts commercial air tours on nine different routes. All routes are flown using a CE-182-R fixed-wing aircraft, with altitudes between 800 feet and 1,000 feet above ground level (AGL). Altitude expressed in AGL units is a measurement of the distance between the ground surface and the aircraft. Commercial air tours may occur at any time and on any day of the week.

Under existing conditions, the annual number of commercial air tours at the monument is limited by the IOA; however, there are no designated parameters on route, time-of-day, or altitude restrictions to further protect Park resources or visitor experience. Currently, no procedures are in place that allow the Park to establish no-fly periods for special events or planned management activities. There are currently no training or education requirements for the commercial air tour operator. The provisions and conditions in the proposed ATMP address these parameters in a manner designed to protect resources and visitor experience from the effects of commercial air tours and support NPS management objectives.


Six federally threatened and endangered species are present or have critical habitat in the project area. The NPS and FAA have begun informal consultation with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and anticipates a determination of no effect.

Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA)

Pursuant to 36 CFR 800.2(a)(2), the FAA has been designated the lead Federal agency acting on behalf of the NPS and is fulfilling the collective responsibilities of both agencies under Section 106 of NHPA. Section 106 consultations are ongoing.

Contact Information

Submit official written comments to:
National Park Service
Natural Sounds and Night Skies Division
1201 Oakridge Dr., Suite 100
Fort Collins, CO 80525

General questions can be sent to